Active Vs. Passive Defense?-Audio Lesson

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Approximate running time: 110 minutes.
Marty's audio visual format significantly enhances your learning experience:

  • The combination of voice and visual effects makes it easier to understand what Marty is teaching.
  • The lesson is interactive, so students "learn by doing."
  • You can proceed at your own pace.
  • You can play and replay all or some of the lesson whenever you choose as many times as you like.
  • The lesson includes a written transcript for you to study. The transcript format has been improved for increased readability.
    Click here for an example transcript.
  • The lesson contains several hours of extensive material.
  • The lesson is designed to work on most popular computers and browsers, including Windows, Mac, and iPad.

One of the most important considerations for a defender is to decide whether to defend a deal actively or passively.
Some deals call for active defense. On these, you must be very aggressive in trying to set up or cash winners, attack an entry, etc. Active defense usually involves breaking new suits and hoping partner has the right card(s).
On the other hand, on many deals the best approach for the defenders is to be passive. In bridge, "passive defense" should NOT be regarded as a negative term. Unless you have a sequence, or are leading a suit where partner has promised length and/or strength, there are infinite situations where breaking a new suit will hand declarer an extra trick in that suit.
In this lesson, Marty will discuss the following:

  • The great benefits of counting declarer's distribution and winners
  • "Last is best", "first is (often) worst"
  • How to take advantage of knowing something that declarer doesn't
  • When to say "NO" to second-hand low
  • The right time to take your ace of trump
  • The right time to false card
  • The right (and wrong) time to try to give partner a ruff
  • When should you be unwilling to lead "around to weakness."
  • How to understand and execute surrounding plays

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